Digital Lunch Seminar Series: Notebooks
Wann: Mo, 28.11.2022, 12:00 Uhr bis 13:00 Uhr
Notebooks – Identifying Disiecta Membra on the Basis of Palaeography, Codicology, and Textual Criticism
José Pablo Maksimczuk and Olivier Bonnerot
Aristotle’s collection of treatises on logic, commonly known as the Organon, has been passed down to us in around 150 Greek manuscripts from the 9th to the 15th century. Several Organon manuscripts preserve the entire collection. Others transmit only a part of it. In some cases, the scribes deliberately copied a specific portion of the collection. On another occasions, codices display marks of physical damage, unmistakably indicating that their incomplete content is due to material losses. Most of the detached folios and quires that came down to us from broken manuscripts of the Organon were never recovered and could be lost forever. Occasionally, however, they survive as disiecta membra in one or several unrelated volumes. Our paper probes an Organon manuscript copied around 1442 by the scholar and churchman Theodore Agallianos, whose fragments are preserved in codices from Leipzig, Paris, and Vatican City. The proposed study will be undertaken from an interdisciplinary perspective, including Manuscript Studies, Palaeography, Philology, Textual Criticism, History, and Ink Analysis. In the last two decades, the combination of UV-vis-NIR reflectography and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy has become the standard way to characterise and differentiate inks. Its application to the study of inks from Vat. gr. 1777, Par. 1919, and Rep. I 68a exemplifies well how such analysis complements the observations made by scholars, and the need for close collaboration between the different disciplines to fully understand the history of a manuscript.